1- Classmate discussion Week Five Discussion I have chosen to enlist the use of a conceptual framework due to the nature of my studies being in its infancy. As stated by Green (2014), a researcher may enlist a conceptual framework to help organize research data so that it is given order and achieved completion in a way that could clearly be communicated to its readers. The choice not to choose a theoretical framework was based upon its roots in theory. While I do believe there is some theory behind my study I am still laying out the groundwork. I am able to enlist both frameworks if needed. At this time I do believe that a conceptual framework is the best way to provide an outline for my research at the moment. Approach 1. Provide a survey to the target sample via online and paper for those who do not have internet access. 2. Interview a number of individuals and ask them to answer a set of open-ended questions. Preferred method of recording for the interview would be video but audio is quite fine. 3. Use my role as an observer to record data. This will be accomplished using the roles of complete observer and observer as participant (Creswell, 2009). 4. I will look at old case studies to see if a pattern of research data outlines the culture that I look to study at the Veterans Health Administration. Conceptual Framework A qualitative study has taken place which confirms that lack of communication, personal values, and indecisiveness in relation to clinical procedures affected continuity of care during the handoff process (Koenig, Maguen, Daley, Cohen, and Seal, 2013). It was conducted at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and its primary care clinic. The data was collected through interviews and then coded for presentation of results (Creswell, 2013). One limitation described by the researchers was the focus on one VHA facility versus comparisons to others. This would call for additional research to be conducted which is the plan for this study. I will enlist the use of a conceptual framework to organize my research data and present my findings (Green, 2014). Research Questions How does the culture of a VHA facility impact the continuity of care in respect to the veterans it serves? What are the similarities and differences between cultures in VHA facilities in respect to continuity of care? Nature of the Study The nature of the study is to use qualitative research to investigate the Veterans Healthcare (VHA) Administration’s culture and how it impacts the continuity of care of the veterans they serve. References Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. Green, H. E. (2014). Use of theoretical and conceptual frameworks in qualitative research. Nurse Research, 21, 34-38. doi:10.7748/nr.21.6.34.e.1252 Koenig, C.J., Maguen, S., Daley, A., Cohen, G, & Seal, K. H. (2013). Passing the baton: A grounded practical theory of handoff communication between multidisciplinary providers in two departments of Veterans Affairs outpatient settings. JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28, 41-50. doi:10.1007/s11606-012-2167-5 2- Classmate discussion In this week’s discussion (WK5_1) the task is, to post a Approach Statement in the form of a bulleted list of the steps I will take to select an appropriate theoretical or conceptual framework for my study. The Approach Statement should also address how to determine which is appropriate: a conceptual or theoretical framework (some studies contain one framework and others both), as well as how I can identify what the framework is. A theoretical framework, exhibits several concepts and existing theory that can be connected to the research of a study (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). Through the framework, an understanding of theories and concepts can be demonstrated (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). This can connect the research field of a study to a broader knowledge area found in the literature (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). Through this, a critical evaluation is possible for the reader; a connection to existing knowledge can be made; theories can be articulated that relate to the research question and so forth. Several steps to develop a theoretical framework are listed subsequently in a bulleted list of steps: – Examining the research question and research problem: to be aware what theories that should address the research question. – Determining the key variables: This can visualize what factors can contribute to the underlying effect. – Reviewing the related literature: This is important to understand how other researchers have defined their research problems. Form this, the assumptions can be identified and connected to the research question. – Categorizing detected constructs and variables: A list can provide a differentiation between independent and depended variables. Through this, connections can be easier recognized between my own set of variables. – Reviewing key theories in the field of research, for example behavioral finance: From a review, the theories that best explain the relationship of the identified variables can be determined. – Reflecting the propositions or assumptions: Through a reflection of the assumptions the relevance of the theoretical framework can be reassessed or validated. Essentially, a theoretical framework can limit the scope of data. A conceptual framework can be a study that present a specific methodology how a research problem was addressed (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). This means that such methodology orientations can serve as a blue print to the research task (Ravitch & Carl, 2016). According to Ravitch & Carl (2016), the following questions can be asked for the consideration of a conceptual framework: – How does the setting or context influence the research question? – How does the setting or context influence the design and data collection? – What is left out by the conceptual framework? – How can the study be framed through the conceptual framework? These questions can be applied when determining a conceptual framework. In conclusion, for a quantitative study a theoretical framework can be relevant to determine the key theories and derive the connected hypotheses to my research problem. And, a conceptual framework can be relevant to provide an orientation of how to conduct a quasi experimental research design. Both elements can be identified through continuing the literature research. Ulrich References Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2016). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 3- instructor question You have provided a thoughtful discussion about these frameworks and considerations for choosing between them. Let’s shift the discussion to the particulars of your study.Which type of framework (conceptual vs. theoretical) is the best approach for your study?

 
 

1- Classmate discussion

 

Week Five Discussion

I have chosen to enlist the use of a conceptual framework due to the nature of my studies being in its infancy. As stated by Green (2014), a researcher may enlist a conceptual framework to help organize research data so that it is given order and achieved completion in a way that could clearly be communicated to its readers. The choice not to choose a theoretical framework was based upon its roots in theory. While I do believe there is some theory behind my study I am still laying out the groundwork. I am able to enlist both frameworks if needed. At this time I do believe that a conceptual framework is the best way to provide an outline for my research at the moment.

Approach

  1. Provide a survey to the target sample via online and paper for those who do not have internet access.
  2. Interview a number of individuals and ask them to answer a set of open-ended questions. Preferred method of recording for the interview would be video but audio is quite fine.
  3. Use my role as an observer to record data. This will be accomplished using the roles of complete observer and observer as participant (Creswell, 2009).
  4. I will look at old case studies to see if a pattern of research data outlines the culture that I look to study at the Veterans Health Administration.

Conceptual Framework

            A qualitative study has taken place which confirms that lack of communication, personal values, and indecisiveness in relation to clinical procedures affected continuity of care during the handoff process (Koenig, Maguen, Daley, Cohen, and Seal, 2013). It was conducted at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and its primary care clinic. The data was collected through interviews and then coded for presentation of results (Creswell, 2013). One limitation described by the researchers was the focus on one VHA facility versus comparisons to others. This would call for additional research to be conducted which is the plan for this study. I will enlist the use of a conceptual framework to organize my research data and present my findings (Green, 2014).

Research Questions

How does the culture of a VHA facility impact the continuity of care in respect to the veterans it serves?

What are the similarities and differences between cultures in VHA facilities in respect to continuity of care?

Nature of the Study

The nature of the study is to use qualitative research to investigate the Veterans Healthcare (VHA) Administration’s culture and how it impacts the continuity of care of the veterans they serve.

References

Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Green, H. E. (2014). Use of theoretical and conceptual frameworks in qualitative research. Nurse Research, 21, 34-38. doi:10.7748/nr.21.6.34.e.1252

Koenig, C.J., Maguen, S., Daley, A., Cohen, G, & Seal, K. H. (2013). Passing the baton: A grounded practical theory of handoff communication between multidisciplinary providers in two departments of Veterans Affairs outpatient settings. JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28, 41-50. doi:10.1007/s11606-012-2167-5

 

 

 

2- Classmate discussion

 

In this week’s discussion (WK5_1) the task is, to post a Approach Statement in the form of a bulleted list of the steps I will take to select an appropriate theoretical or conceptual framework for my study.  The Approach Statement should also address how to determine which is appropriate: a conceptual or theoretical framework (some studies contain one framework and others both), as well as how I can identify what the framework is.

A theoretical framework, exhibits several concepts and existing theory that can be connected to the research of a study (Ravitch & Carl, 2016).  Through the framework, an understanding of theories and concepts can be demonstrated (Ravitch & Carl, 2016).  This can connect the research field of a study to a broader knowledge area found in the literature (Ravitch & Carl, 2016).  Through this, a critical evaluation is possible for the reader; a connection to existing knowledge can be made; theories can be articulated that relate to the research question and so forth.  Several steps to develop a theoretical framework are listed subsequently in a bulleted list of steps:

– Examining the research question and research problem:  to be aware what theories that should address the research question.

– Determining the key variables: This can visualize what factors can contribute to the underlying effect.

– Reviewing the related literature:  This is important to understand how other researchers have defined their research problems.  Form this, the assumptions can be identified and connected to the research question.

– Categorizing detected constructs and variables: A list can provide a differentiation between independent and depended variables.  Through this, connections can be easier recognized between my own set of variables.

– Reviewing key theories in the field of research, for example behavioral finance: From a review, the theories that best explain the relationship of the identified variables can be determined.

– Reflecting the propositions or assumptions: Through a reflection of the assumptions the relevance of the theoretical framework can be reassessed or validated.

Essentially, a theoretical framework can limit the scope of data.

A conceptual framework can be a study that present a specific methodology how a research problem was addressed (Ravitch & Carl, 2016).  This means that such methodology orientations can serve as a blue print to the research task (Ravitch & Carl, 2016).  According to Ravitch & Carl (2016), the following questions can be asked for the consideration of a conceptual framework:

– How does the setting or context influence the research question?

– How does the setting or context influence the design and data collection?

– What is left out by the conceptual framework?

– How can the study be framed through the conceptual framework?

These questions can be applied when determining a conceptual framework.

In conclusion, for a quantitative study a theoretical framework can be relevant to determine the key theories and derive the connected hypotheses to my research problem.  And, a conceptual framework can be relevant to provide an orientation of how to conduct a quasi experimental research design.  Both elements can be identified through continuing the literature research.

Ulrich

References

Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2016). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

 

 

3- instructor question

 

You have provided a thoughtful discussion about these frameworks and considerations for choosing between them. Let’s shift the discussion to the particulars of your study.Which type of framework (conceptual vs. theoretical) is the best approach for your study?

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