“Exercise and It’s Affect On Adolescents” Queens College, City University of New York Abstract There is a great level of importance of physical activity in adolescence. Engaging in physical behavior during one’s youth, is very important to the health of a child, and can shape and mold a child for his future. People tend to ignore exercise and don’t find the time, or energy for physical activity because they believe it is not important. People can improve the quality of their lives by starting exercise young and reduce the risks of developing coronary heart disease, hypertension, some cancers and type 2 diabetes, obesity and even prevent death. Regular physical activity is essential to both the mental and physical health aspects, and it all begins while one is in his adolescent. The question arrives on weather or not the effect of peers or a friend increases the motivation to be physically active in overweight and non-overweight youth. Research is done to test whether or not this may be true. As a result, friendships do indeed increase youth’s motivation to engage in physical activity and promote greater physical activity in non-overweight and overweight youth. Also, research was done to indicate that physical exercise was linked positively to children’s academic performance. As a result, early identification of children with poor motor/athletic skills is of necessity and is aimed at improving these children’s motor performance and academic skills during the first school years which are important investments. Statement of the Problem Escalating trends are impacting the long-term health and well-being of U.S. adolescents. Childhood obesity has grown tremendously and has more than doubled in children and adolescents over the last 30 years. Nowadays, children are so attached to the media and their cellphones, that they don’t make the time to step outside and be physically active. Children who aren’t physically active and are not taking care of themselves, are linked to later obesity. Adolescents spend hours each and every day in front of a screen (televisions, cellphones, tablets, and other devices) looking at a variety of media. Unfortunately, too much time spent on the screen and not enough time on physical activity can add to the problem of childhood obesity. Youths who are overweight, don’t exercise enough, and demonstrate disordered eating behaviors. These children are likely to continue these behaviors into adulthood; have an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, early death, emotional problems, lower self-esteem, depression and even suicide. The root of problem starts in one’s youth. Is it too late to start now? Never. Its never too late to start exercising and preventing yourself from risks. How can we fix this problem? Start promoting physical activity in youth to prevent them and help mold them for future benefits. Parents can have a huge effect on physical lifestyles in adolescence. In addition, the effect of peers can also have a tremendous effect on motivating a child to be physically active. Lack of parental care, a critical family environment, and low family cohesiveness can contribute to unhealthy eating habits, increase the risk of eating disorders and be an effect to why children have no interest to be physically active. Schools can also influence youths’ eating and exercise behaviors. Health classes in school, the physical activities that the school provides and the peers that the children make can can be powerful for making behavioral and motivational changes. For instance, peers can stimulate or decrease an individual’s physical activity levels. Research has found that an adolescent’s best friend has more influence over physical activity than even his own parents. Also, it has been determined that when overweight youths are with peers and friends, they are more likely to engage in more intense physical activity. Health and well-being of children highlights the importance of education, family, peers, environment, media, and society in general. It is important to educate families on the benefits of wellness, and initiate preventive strategies that identify youth who are inactive, promote daily physical activity and encourage healthy lifestyle choices. Also, research has been done to examine that physical activity is a great investment because it will improve children’s motor performance and academic skills along with cognitive abilities, psychosocial functioning, behavior, and academic achievement. Physical activity will not only help today’s children by preventing them from becoming obese or helping them lose weight, but it will also teach them healthy habits that can last a lifetime. The benefits of exercising when young can include a lifetime commitment to fitness and eternally change the person for the better. Background Research and Evaluation Annotated Bibliography – 5 Peer Reviewed References Archer T, Garcia D (2014) “Physical Exercise Influences Academic Performance and Well-being in Children and Adolescents.” Web. 30 Nov. 2016 • According to the article, there was a positive association between aerobic physical activity and cognition, academic achievement, behavior, and psychosocial functioning outcomes. • Children who participate in physical activity, have expressed higher levels of satisfaction and were more connected with teachers, better engaged in schoolwork, and earned higher grades than those children who were not active, whom were less satisfied. • Physical activity doesn’t only lead to better grades but also to enhance well-being, happiness, and to the ability to keep moving towards a goal and motivating the individual to take action and control of her/his life. Salvy, Sarah-Jeanne, et al. “Effect of peers and friends on youth physical activity and motivation to be physically active.” Journal of pediatric psychology 34.2 (2009): 217-225. • This articles tests the effect peers and friends have on youth physical activity and to see if they have any impact on giving motivation to be physically active. • Participants biked a greater distance in the presence of a friend than when alone. • Youth are more likely to be active when they are in the company of peers and friends than when they are alone. “Systematic Review of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity and Fitness in School-aged Children and Youth.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016. • Discusses the relation between physical activity, fitness, and health in school-aged children and youth. • Children and youth 5-17 years of age should have an average of at least 60 minutes per day and at least a few hours of physical activity. • The results from several experimental studies suggested that even the slightest amount of physical activity can have tremendous health benefits in high-risk adolescents. (e.g: obese, high blood pressure). “The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise.” Www.ideafit.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016. • Physical activity is significant at any age. People of all ages can improve the quality of their lives and reduce the risks of developing coronary heart disease, hypertension, some cancers and type 2 diabetes with ongoing participation in moderate physical activity and exercise. • This article sums up the evidence on 25 significant benefits linking physical activity to health enhancement. • Physical activity and exercise are connected with a lower incidence of colon cancer in men and women, and breast cancer in women. Trost, Stewart G., and Paul D. Loprinzi. “Exercise—Promoting healthy lifestyles in children and adolescents.” Journal of Clinical Lipidology 2.3 (2008): 162-168. • Regular physical activity is an important component of a healthy lifestyle in children and adolescents. • Majority of children and adolescents fail to meet the recommended guideline of 60 minutes or more of moderate physical activity daily. • Daily physical activity during childhood and adolescence can be of critical importance in the prevention of chronic disease for the future. • Schools are an ideal setting to promote physical activity because they can reach the most children and adolescents. SEMINAL RESEARCH (One Paragraph, 250 words) First, Original Research CHRONOLOGICAL RESEARCH (One Paragraph, 250 words) GAPS in RESEARCH (One Paragraph, 250 words) Background Research 500-750 words Conclusions and Recommendations 250-750 words References Archer T, Garcia D (2014) “Physical Exercise Influences Academic Performance and Well-being in Children and Adolescents.” Web. 30 Nov. 2016 Salvy, Sarah-Jeanne, et al. “Effect of peers and friends on youth physical activity and motivation to be physically active.” Journal of pediatric psychology 34.2 (2009): 217-225. “Systematic Review of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity and Fitness in School-aged Children and Youth.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016. “The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise.” Www.ideafit.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016. Trost, Stewart G., and Paul D. Loprinzi. “Exercise—Promoting healthy lifestyles in children and adolescents.” Journal of Clinical Lipidology 2.3 (2008): 162-168.

 
 

“Exercise and It’s Affect On Adolescents”

 

Queens College, City University of New York

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

 

There is a great level of importance of physical activity in adolescence. Engaging in physical behavior during one’s youth, is very important to the health of a child, and can shape and mold a child for his future. People tend to ignore exercise and don’t find the time, or energy for physical activity because they believe it is not important. People can improve the quality of their lives by starting exercise young and reduce the risks of developing coronary heart disease, hypertension, some cancers and type 2 diabetes, obesity and even prevent death. Regular physical activity is essential to both the mental and physical health aspects, and it all begins while one is in his adolescent. The question arrives on weather or not the effect of peers or a friend increases the motivation to be physically active in overweight and non-overweight youth. Research is done to test whether or not this may be true. As a result, friendships do indeed increase youth’s motivation to engage in physical activity and promote greater physical activity in non-overweight and overweight youth. Also, research was done to indicate that physical exercise was linked positively to children’s academic performance. As a result, early identification of children with poor motor/athletic skills is of necessity and is aimed at improving these children’s motor performance and academic skills during the first school years which are important investments.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of the Problem

 

Escalating trends are impacting the long-term health and well-being of U.S. adolescents. Childhood obesity has grown tremendously and has more than doubled in children and adolescents over the last 30 years. Nowadays, children are so attached to the media and their cellphones, that they don’t make the time to step outside and be physically active. Children who aren’t physically active and are not taking care of themselves, are linked to later obesity. Adolescents spend hours each and every day in front of a screen (televisions, cellphones, tablets, and other devices) looking at a variety of media. Unfortunately, too much time spent on the screen and not enough time on physical activity can add to the problem of childhood obesity. Youths who are overweight, don’t exercise enough, and demonstrate disordered eating behaviors. These children are likely to continue these behaviors into adulthood; have an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, early death, emotional problems, lower self-esteem, depression and even suicide. The root of problem starts in one’s youth. Is it too late to start now? Never. Its never too late to start exercising and preventing yourself from risks. How can we fix this problem? Start promoting physical activity in youth to prevent them and help mold them for future benefits. Parents can have a huge effect on physical lifestyles in adolescence. In addition, the effect of peers can also have a tremendous effect on motivating a child to be physically active. Lack of parental care, a critical family environment, and low family cohesiveness can contribute to unhealthy eating habits, increase the risk of eating disorders and be an effect to why children have no interest to be physically active. Schools can also influence youths’ eating and exercise behaviors. Health classes in school, the physical activities that the school provides and the peers that the children make can can be powerful for making behavioral and motivational changes. For instance, peers can stimulate or decrease an individual’s physical activity levels. Research has found that an adolescent’s best friend has more influence over physical activity than even his own parents. Also, it has been determined that when overweight youths are with peers and friends, they are more likely to engage in more intense physical activity. Health and well-being of children highlights the importance of education, family, peers, environment, media, and society in general. It is important to educate families on the benefits of wellness, and initiate preventive strategies that identify youth who are inactive, promote daily physical activity and encourage healthy lifestyle choices. Also, research has been done to examine that physical activity is a great investment because it will improve children’s motor performance and academic skills along with cognitive abilities, psychosocial functioning, behavior, and academic achievement. Physical activity will not only help today’s children by preventing them from becoming obese or helping them lose weight, but it will also teach them healthy habits that can last a lifetime. The benefits of exercising when young can include a lifetime commitment to fitness and eternally change the person for the better.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Background Research and Evaluation

Annotated Bibliography –  5 Peer Reviewed References

Archer T, Garcia D (2014) “Physical Exercise Influences Academic Performance and Well-being in Children and Adolescents.” Web. 30 Nov. 2016

  • According to the article, there was a positive association between aerobic physical activity and cognition, academic achievement, behavior, and psychosocial functioning outcomes.
  • Children who participate in physical activity, have expressed higher levels of satisfaction and were more connected with teachers, better engaged in schoolwork, and earned higher grades than those children who were not active, whom were less satisfied.
  • Physical activity doesn’t only lead to better grades but also to enhance well-being, happiness, and to the ability to keep moving towards a goal and motivating the individual to take action and control of her/his life.

Salvy, Sarah-Jeanne, et al. “Effect of peers and friends on youth physical activity and motivation             to be physically active.” Journal of pediatric psychology 34.2 (2009): 217-225.

  • This articles tests the effect peers and friends have on youth physical activity and to see if they have any impact on giving motivation to be physically active.
  • Participants biked a greater distance in the presence of a friend than when alone.
  • Youth are more likely to be active when they are in the company of peers and friends than when they are alone.

“Systematic Review of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity and Fitness in School-aged                      Children and Youth.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.               N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

  • Discusses the relation between physical activity, fitness, and health in school-aged children and youth.
  • Children and youth 5-17 years of age should have an average of at least 60 minutes per day and at least a few hours of physical activity.
  • The results from several experimental studies suggested that even the slightest amount of physical activity can have tremendous health benefits in high-risk adolescents. (e.g: obese, high blood pressure).

“The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise.” Www.ideafit.com.                 N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

  • Physical activity is significant at any age. People of all ages can improve the quality of their lives and reduce the risks of developing coronary heart disease, hypertension, some cancers and type 2 diabetes with ongoing participation in moderate physical activity and exercise.
  • This article sums up the evidence on 25 significant benefits linking physical activity to health enhancement.
  • Physical activity and exercise are connected with a lower incidence of colon cancer in men and women, and breast cancer in women.

Trost, Stewart G., and Paul D. Loprinzi. “Exercise—Promoting healthy lifestyles in children and          adolescents.” Journal of Clinical Lipidology 2.3 (2008): 162-168.

  • Regular physical activity is an important component of a healthy lifestyle in children and adolescents.
  • Majority of children and adolescents fail to meet the recommended guideline of 60 minutes or more of moderate physical activity daily.
  • Daily physical activity during childhood and adolescence can be of critical importance in the prevention of chronic disease for the future.
  • Schools are an ideal setting to promote physical activity because they can reach the most children and adolescents.

 

SEMINAL RESEARCH (One Paragraph, 250 words)

First, Original Research

CHRONOLOGICAL RESEARCH (One Paragraph, 250 words)

GAPS in RESEARCH (One Paragraph, 250 words)

 

 

Background Research

500-750 words

 

 

 

 

Conclusions and Recommendations

 

250-750 words

 

 

References

Archer T, Garcia D (2014) “Physical Exercise Influences Academic Performance and Well-being in Children and Adolescents.” Web. 30 Nov. 2016

 

Salvy, Sarah-Jeanne, et al. “Effect of peers and friends on youth physical activity and motivation             to be physically active.” Journal of pediatric psychology 34.2 (2009): 217-225.

 

“Systematic Review of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity and Fitness in School-aged                      Children and Youth.” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.               N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

 

“The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise.” Www.ideafit.com.                 N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

 

Trost, Stewart G., and Paul D. Loprinzi. “Exercise—Promoting healthy lifestyles in children and             adolescents.” Journal of Clinical Lipidology 2.3 (2008): 162-168.

 

 

 

 

 

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